The Origin of the Word Friday: Unveiling its History and Origins

Have you ever wondered about the origin and history of the word “Friday”? It’s a commonly used word in our everyday lives, but few people stop to think about where it came from. In this article, we’ll delve into the fascinating history and origins of the word “Friday” and uncover some interesting facts about its significance.

From its roots in ancient mythology to its place in modern languages, “Friday” has a rich and diverse history that spans cultures and continents. We’ll explore the etymology and linguistic evolution of the word, as well as its symbolic meaning in various cultures. So, if you’re curious to learn more about the origins of “Friday,” keep reading to uncover its intriguing story.

What is the Etymology of the Word “Friday”?

The word “Friday” has its roots in Old English and was originally derived from the Old Frisian word “Frijādag.” This Frisian word translates to “Free Day” in English. The name “Friday” has been used to refer to the sixth day of the week in various Germanic languages since ancient times.

The origin of the name can be traced back to the worship of the Norse goddess Frigg or Freya. In Norse mythology, Frigg was the goddess of marriage and fertility, and she was highly regarded among the Norse people. Friday was considered a sacred day dedicated to the worship of Frigg, which is why the name “Friday” became associated with this day of the week.

It is interesting to note that in other Germanic languages, the name for the sixth day of the week is derived from the worship of a different deity. For example, in German, the day is called “Freitag,” which is derived from the word “Freya,” the Germanic counterpart of the Norse goddess Frigg. Similarly, in Dutch, the day is called “Vrijdag,” also derived from the worship of Frigg or Freya.

The association of the name “Friday” with the Norse goddess Frigg has persisted throughout history. Various mythological and historical references continue to link Friday to the worship of Frigg or Freya, further adding to the cultural significance and etymology of the word.

In the next section, we will explore the cultural and linguistic significance of the word “Friday” and how it has influenced various aspects of society and language.

Cultural and Linguistic Significance of “Friday”

Friday in Different Cultures

The day of the week named “Friday” holds cultural significance in various societies around the world. In Western cultures, Friday is often associated with the end of the workweek and the anticipation of the weekend. It is seen as a day of relaxation, leisure, and social activities. In Islamic culture, Friday is regarded as the holy day of the week, similar to the Christian Sunday or Jewish Sabbath. It is a day for congregational prayers and communal worship.

Friday in Language and Literature

The name “Friday” has also found its way into various expressions, idioms, and literary works. For example, the phrase “Thank God it’s Friday” is commonly used to express relief or excitement for the upcoming weekend. In literature, Friday is the name of the loyal companion and servant in Daniel Defoe’s famous novel “Robinson Crusoe.” The character Friday represents loyalty, companionship, and the exploration of cultural differences.

The Superstitions and Beliefs Surrounding Friday

Friday has acquired its fair share of superstitions and beliefs throughout history. In Western culture, Friday the 13th is often considered an unlucky day. This superstition has its roots in religious and cultural beliefs, including the Last Supper on a Friday and the crucifixion of Jesus. On the other hand, in some cultures, Friday is considered a lucky day. For example, in Arabic culture, Friday is believed to be a blessed day associated with divine favor and blessings.

Friday as a Name and Surname

The name “Friday” has also been adopted as a given name and surname in various cultures, particularly in English-speaking countries. It can be seen as a creative or unique choice, often symbolizing independence, freedom, or a sense of adventure. Additionally, “Friday” has been used as a surname in different regions, reflecting familial or ancestral connections to the day of the week.

In the next section, we will delve into the origins of weekday names, including the etymology of “Friday” and how it relates to other days of the week.

Origins of Weekday Names

The names of the days of the week have their origins in various ancient cultures and mythologies. Each day of the week is associated with a celestial body or a pagan god, reflecting the beliefs and traditions of different civilizations. Here we explore the origins of the names of the weekdays:


The name Sunday comes from the Old English word “Sunandæg,” meaning “day of the Sun,” and is associated with the Sun, which has been worshipped as a powerful god in many ancient cultures.


The name Monday is derived from the Old English word “Monandæg,” meaning “moon’s day.” It is associated with the Moon, which has been revered as a deity or a symbol of femininity and fertility in various mythologies.


Tuesday is derived from the Old English word “Tiwesdæg,” meaning “Tiw’s day.” Tiw, or Tyr, was a Norse god associated with law and justice. In Roman mythology, Tuesday was dedicated to Mars, the god of war.


Wednesday comes from the Old English word “Wodnesdæg,” meaning “Odin’s day.” Odin, or Woden, was the chief god in Norse mythology and was associated with wisdom, poetry, and war. In Roman mythology, Wednesday was dedicated to Mercury, the god of trade and communication.


Thursday is derived from the Old English word “Þunresdæg,” meaning “Thor’s day.” Thor was a powerful Norse god associated with thunder, lightning, and protection. In Roman mythology, Thursday was dedicated to Jupiter, king of the gods.


Friday is derived from the Old English word “Frīgedæg,” meaning “Frigg’s day.” Frigg, or Freya, was a Norse goddess associated with love, fertility, and beauty. In Roman mythology, Friday was dedicated to Venus, the goddess of love and beauty.


Saturday comes from the Old English word “Sæternesdæg,” meaning “Saturn’s day.” Saturn was a Roman god associated with wealth, agriculture, and time. In many cultures, Saturday was also associated with the planet Saturn.

Connections to Mythology and Ancient Traditions

The word “Friday” has interesting connections to mythology and ancient traditions. Here are some significant associations and beliefs surrounding this day of the week:

  • Norse Mythology: Friday is named after the Norse goddess Frigg or Freya, who was associated with love, beauty, and fertility. In Norse mythology, Friday was considered a very auspicious day.
  • Roman Connection: In Roman mythology, Friday was associated with the goddess Venus, the goddess of love and beauty. The Latin word for Friday, “Dies Veneris,” directly translates to “Day of Venus.”
  • Christian Tradition: In Christianity, Friday is associated with significant events like the crucifixion of Jesus Christ, which is said to have taken place on a Friday. As a result, Friday has been traditionally seen as a somber day of penance and fasting.
  • Superstitions and Folklore: Friday the 13th is considered an unlucky day in many Western cultures, leading to various superstitions and even a fear of the date. This superstition has roots in ancient traditions and is still widely believed today.
  • Divination and Magick: Friday is believed to be a powerful day for divination and practicing magick. It is often associated with matters of love, relationships, and fertility.

The connections between Friday and mythology, ancient traditions, and superstitions continue to make this day significant and fascinating. In the next section, we will explore the etymology of the word “Friday” to gain further insight into its origins.


The word “Friday” has a fascinating history and cultural significance. Its etymology can be traced back to the Old English word “Frīgedæg,” which was named after the Norse goddess Frigg. This day of the week has played a significant role in various mythologies and ancient traditions, symbolizing both luck and fortune. The connection to mythology and ancient traditions further highlights the enduring importance of “Friday” in different cultures.

Understanding the origins and significance of “Friday” not only provides us with a glimpse into the linguistic and cultural evolution of our society but also allows us to appreciate the diversity and richness of human history. So the next time you utter the word “Friday,” remember the fascinating journey it has taken throughout centuries and the cultural importance it holds.

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