Freya: Norse Goddess Symbolism

freya norse goddess

Freya is an essential figure in Norse mythology, often portrayed as a powerful goddess of love and fertility. She is a protector of her people, a warrior, and a leader. Throughout the ages, she has been seen as a symbol of strength, love, and courage—one that should not be taken lightly. So what exactly does Freya symbolize? Let’s take a closer look at this powerful goddess to discover what her symbolism means. 

Who Was Freya?

According to Norse mythology, Freya (also Freyja) was a goddess of fertility, love, and beauty. She was seen as the embodiment of femininity and grace. Freya is known for her courage and strength in battle, as well as her wisdom. In Norse stories, she is often portrayed as a confidant to Odin—the king of the gods—and his warriors.

Pigs were considered a sacred animal to Freya and represented her ability to bring abundance into people’s lives. As the goddess of fertility, she was thought to be able to grant wishes for children or good harvests. She was also associated with magic, and it is said that she could shape-shift into animals such as cats or falcons.

The name “Freya” translates directly to “Lady,” however, she also had a few different nicknames:

  • Mardöll
  • Hörn
  • Gefn
  • Syr

What Does Freya Symbolize?

Freya is a symbol of female empowerment and strength. She represents courage, love, wisdom, and beauty. Her ability to shape-shift into animals is also a symbol of her power and flexibility in adapting to different situations. In some stories, she is also seen as a protector of warriors who died in battle—symbolizing death and rebirth.

Freya’s association with pigs is another powerful symbol. Pigs are often thought of as symbols of luck and abundance, which makes sense given Freya’s role as a fertility goddess. Pigs also represent abundance and generosity, which is in line with her generous nature when it comes to granting wishes.

Finally, Freya’s connection to Odin is often seen as a symbol of sisterly or motherly love and protection. Odin—the king of the gods—was her confidant, and she was often his protector on the battlefield. This connection is said to represent loyalty, strength, and resilience.

The Symbols Used To Represent Freya

Throughout the years, Freya has been represented through a variety of symbols that embody her power and strength. In this section, we’ll talk a little more about some symbols that are very meaningful to Freya and her followers.

Animals – Cats & Boars

As with most gods and goddesses in Norse mythology, Freya had several symbols associated with her. One of these symbols was cats. This is because cats were thought to be able to detect supernatural beings such as elves and dwarves; they were also seen as protectors against evil forces. Another symbol associated with Freya was boars; their strength and ferocity made them a fitting representation of her power in battle. Her chariot was also said to be pulled by two enormous boars named Hildisvíni (“Battle Swine”). 

Mythical Objects – The Brísingamen & Fólkvangar

In addition to animals, Freya’s attributes have also been represented by various mythical objects. Perhaps the most famous is Brísingamen (“Flaming Necklace”), a magical necklace that could grant its wearer endless youth and beauty. Other objects include Fólkvangar (“Fields of People”), which are said to be where Freya chooses half of those who die in battle; Særimner (“Sea-ring”), a golden bowl from which all warriors feast; Gullveig (“Golden Power”; also known as Heiðr), a witch whose death leads to the creation of human society; and finally Mjöllnir (“Lightning Hammer”), Thor’s legendary weapon which plays an important role in Ragnarok—the end times for all Norse gods and goddesses.  

Some other lesser-known, but still important symbols associated with Freya include:

  • Pigs: As mentioned above, pigs have long been associated with Freya as symbols of fertility, abundance, and luck.
  • Cats or Falcon: These animals are both symbols of agility, courage, and resourcefulness—all of which are traits Freya embodies.
  • Gold or Amber Jewelry: These items were seen as symbols of wealth and status in Norse mythology, and Freya was often depicted wearing them.
  • Flowers: In some stories, Freya is associated with a variety of flowers, including Daisy, Violets, and Buttercups. These flowers all represent joy, beauty, and hope—all qualities Freya is said to embody.
  • The Color Red: Red is a powerful symbol of strength and courage in Norse mythology, and it’s often associated with Freya as well.

Symbolic Interpretations Of Freya

The symbolism surrounding Freya has been interpreted differently over time by different cultures. For example, some scholars have argued that her association with boars suggests an affiliation with fertility, while others contend that it is more closely linked to warfare since boars were used in Nordic hunting expeditions at the time when stories about Freya first began circulating.

Similarly, some believe that Brísingamen represents divine power, while others read it as a symbol of vanity or sexual promiscuity due to its connection with beauty and youthfulness.  

Ultimately, the interpretation of Freya’s symbols depends on who is looking at them and what context they are being viewed in. Regardless of how you interpret her symbolism, though, one thing remains clear: Freya is an important figure in Norse mythology, and her symbols are powerful ones that have endured for centuries.

How Long Has The Heart Of Freya Been Around?

The heart of Freya has been around for centuries. It is an important symbol in Norse mythology, and it appears in many stories about the goddess. The most famous story is that of her necklace, Brísingamen (“Flaming Necklace”), which was forged by four dwarves out of pure gold and set with shining amber. This necklace was said to grant its wearer eternal youth and beauty, which made it highly sought after by gods and mortals alike.

The heart of Freya is also found in other stories, such as the one in which she goes to Helheim (the realm of the dead) to search for her husband, Odr. Here, she is said to have a necklace of tears (or sorrows) around her neck that could break down any barrier between life and death. This symbolizes Freya’s determination and courage in the face of loss.

The heart of Freya has also been interpreted as a symbol of love and devotion, as it is often associated with the goddess’s husband Odr. It is also seen as a symbol of protection or strength since Freya was said to be a powerful protector of her people. As such, the heart of Freya has been used throughout history as a way to honor and celebrate this important Norse deity.


Norse mythology is full of interesting lore, characters, and symbols, and Freya is among the most important figures in this pantheon. The symbols associated with her—including boars, cats or falcons, gold jewelry, flowers, and the color red—have all been interpreted differently over time by different cultures.

Ultimately, though, these symbols point to one thing: Freya is a powerful figure in Norse mythology, and her heart is a symbol of strength, courage, love, devotion, determination, and protection. As such, it has been used throughout history to honor this important goddess.

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