Persian Gods Names: Symbolism and Meanings

persian god names

In ancient Persian mythology, gods and goddesses played a significant role in the religious and cultural beliefs of the people. These deities were believed to represent various aspects of life, nature, and spirituality. One of the prominent features of Persian gods was their symbolic meanings and the influence they held over different realms.

In this article, we will delve into the world of Persian gods and explore the symbolism and meanings associated with their names. From Anahita, the goddess of fertility and water, to Vohu Manah, the god of good mind and wisdom, each deity has a unique significance and represents different values in Persian mythology. Join us on this journey as we uncover the hidden meanings behind the names of these intriguing Persian gods.


Anahita is a Persian goddess associated with fertility, water, and healing. She is often depicted as a beautiful woman wearing a crown and holding a water vessel or a lotus flower. Anahita is considered the source of life-giving waters and is worshipped for her ability to bring abundance and prosperity.

In Persian mythology, Anahita is believed to have the power to heal physical and spiritual ailments. She is associated with the concept of purification and is often called upon for blessings and protection. Anahita is also revered as a guardian of the earth and the natural world.

The symbolism of Anahita reflects the importance of water in ancient Persian culture. Water was seen as a vital element for sustaining life and promoting growth. Anahita’s association with water represents the life-giving and nourishing qualities it possesses.

Today, Anahita continues to be worshipped by followers of Zoroastrianism and is honored for her role in promoting fertility, healing, and abundance. Her symbolism serves as a reminder of the importance of balance and harmony with the natural world.


Mithra is an ancient Persian god associated with light, truth, and justice. He is often depicted as a young man wearing a Phrygian cap and holding a dagger. Mithra is considered to be a mediator between heaven and earth and is known as a protector of oaths and contracts.

In Persian mythology, Mithra is believed to be the deity responsible for maintaining cosmic order and fighting against evil forces. He is often associated with the sun and is seen as a bringer of light and warmth. Mithra’s followers believed in the importance of moral behavior and the pursuit of truth.

Mithraism, a mystery religion that held Mithra as its central deity, was widely practiced in the Roman Empire during the 1st to 4th centuries CE. The religion emphasized initiation rituals and secret knowledge, and it had a strong presence in military circles. It was considered a rival to early Christianity, but it eventually declined with the rise of Christianity.

The symbolism of Mithra represents the eternal struggle between light and darkness, good and evil. His association with the sun and his role as a guardian of truth and justice make him a significant figure in Persian mythology.

Ahura Mazda

Ahura Mazda is one of the most important gods in Persian mythology. Also known as Ohrmazd, Ahura Mazda is the supreme god of wisdom, light, and goodness. He is the creator of all things and is associated with truth, justice, and order.

In Persian mythology, Ahura Mazda is often depicted as a majestic figure with a radiant aura and a crown. He is symbolized by the winged disk, which represents his power and dominion over the heavens. The winged disk is a common motif in Persian art and architecture.

Ahura Mazda is believed to be in an eternal battle against Angra Mainyu, the god of evil and darkness. In this cosmic struggle, Ahura Mazda represents the forces of good, while Angra Mainyu represents the forces of evil. Ahura Mazda is seen as the source of all that is good in the world, and his followers strive to align themselves with his divine wisdom and righteousness.

As the supreme god, Ahura Mazda is worshipped and revered by Zoroastrians, the followers of the ancient Persian religion of Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrianism places a strong emphasis on ethical behavior and the choice between good and evil. Followers of this faith seek to live their lives in accordance with the teachings and principles of Ahura Mazda.

The name “Ahura Mazda” is derived from Avestan, an ancient Iranian language, and translates to “wise lord” or “lord of wisdom.” This name reflects the god’s role as the provider of wisdom and guidance to his followers.

Ahura Mazda represents the divine light and goodness that is present in the world, and his worship continues to be an important aspect of Persian culture and spirituality.

Angra Mainyu

Angra Mainyu is a deity in Persian mythology who represents the concept of evil and chaos. Also known as Ahriman, he is the adversary of Ahura Mazda, the supreme god in Zoroastrianism. Angra Mainyu is often depicted as a destructive and malevolent force, constantly opposing the order and harmony established by Ahura Mazda.

In Zoroastrianism, Angra Mainyu is believed to be the source of all negativity, including disease, death, and moral corruption. He is associated with darkness, deceit, and destruction. Angra Mainyu is believed to be locked in an eternal struggle with Ahura Mazda, with the outcome of their battle determining the fate of the world.

Despite representing the forces of evil, Angra Mainyu plays an important role in the cosmic balance of Zoroastrianism. His existence serves as a test for human beings, challenging them to choose between good and evil. The followers of Ahura Mazda are encouraged to resist the temptations and negative influences associated with Angra Mainyu.

Angra Mainyu’s symbolism reminds us of the constant battle between good and evil within ourselves and in the world. It serves as a reminder to choose the path of righteousness and to strive for the triumph of good over evil.


Tishtrya is an ancient Persian god associated with the element of water and the celestial body of rain. He is often depicted as a white horse and is considered the divine force responsible for bringing rain and ensuring the fertility of the land.

In Persian mythology, Tishtrya is believed to battle against the mythical dragon Apaosha, who represents drought and famine. Tishtrya’s victory over Apaosha is seen as a triumph of good over evil and the restoration of balance and abundance.

As the god of rain, Tishtrya is highly revered in agricultural communities, as his presence ensures bountiful harvests and sustenance for the people. He is also believed to have the power to heal and purify, as water is seen as a symbol of cleansing and renewal.

Moreover, Tishtrya is associated with the divine qualities of compassion, harmony, and nourishment. His presence and blessings are sought during times of drought and hardship, as well as in rituals and ceremonies celebrating the abundance and vitality of nature.

Overall, Tishtrya holds significant symbolism in Persian mythology, representing the vital importance of water and its life-giving properties. He is a reminder of the interconnectedness between humanity and the natural world, and the reliance on the forces of nature for sustenance and prosperity.

Asha Vahishta

Asha Vahishta, also known as Asha, is one of the most important deities in Zoroastrianism. The name Asha Vahishta translates to “Best Truth” or “Righteousness”. Asha Vahishta represents the divine concept of truth, order, and righteousness in the world.

In Zoroastrian belief, Asha Vahishta is associated with cosmic order, justice, and the maintenance of moral and ethical principles. It is believed that Asha Vahishta is the force that upholds the natural and moral laws of the universe, ensuring harmony and balance.

Asha Vahishta is often depicted as a radiant figure, symbolizing the enlightenment and purity that comes from embracing truth and righteousness. The Amesha Spentas, or the Holy Immortals, are believed to be embodiments of Asha Vahishta’s virtues.

Devotees of Zoroastrianism strive to align their lives with the principles embodied by Asha Vahishta. This includes seeking truth, practicing justice, and striving for righteousness in all aspects of life.

Asha Vahishta serves as a reminder of the importance of living in accordance with moral and ethical principles, and the role that truth and righteousness play in maintaining harmony and balance in the world.


Haurvatat is one of the Amesha Spentas, or divine attributes, in Persian mythology. The name Haurvatat translates to “wholeness” or “perfection” in English. Haurvatat represents the concept of health, well-being, and abundance.

In Zoroastrianism, Haurvatat is associated with the element of water, which is seen as purifying and life-giving. Water is essential for sustaining life and promoting growth, and Haurvatat symbolizes the nourishing and healing qualities of water.

Haurvatat is also connected to moral and spiritual purity. It represents the harmony and balance that comes from leading a virtuous life. By embracing moral values and living in alignment with divine principles, individuals can attain inner wholeness and experience a sense of well-being.

As one of the Persian gods, Haurvatat reminds us of the importance of taking care of our physical, emotional, and spiritual health. It encourages us to seek balance in all aspects of our lives, striving for wholeness and striving for a fulfilling and prosperous existence.


Ameretat is a Persian goddess associated with immortality and the eternal life force. She is one of the Amesha Spentas, the holy immortals in Zoroastrianism. Ameretat’s name translates to “immortality” or “imperishableness.”

Ameretat is believed to protect and nourish plants and animals, ensuring their growth and vitality. She symbolizes the eternal cycle of life, death, and rebirth. Ameretat is often depicted with flowers and plants, representing the regenerative power of nature.

In Zoroastrianism, Ameretat is also associated with the concept of purity. She is believed to purify the souls of the deceased, ensuring their journey to the afterlife. Ameretat’s presence brings harmony and balance to the world, promoting physical and spiritual well-being.

As a symbol of immortality, Ameretat reminds us of the impermanence of life and the importance of cherishing the present moment. She encourages us to embrace change and embrace the cycles of life, knowing that death is not the end but rather a transition to a new phase of existence.


Verethragna is a Persian god associated with victory, strength, and bravery. He is often depicted as a warrior riding a chariot or on horseback, wielding a sword or bow and arrow.

Verethragna’s name translates to “victorious” or “victorious strike” in Persian, highlighting his role as a god of victory. He is believed to protect warriors and help them in battle, ensuring their success and triumph over enemies.

In addition to his association with victory, Verethragna is also associated with fertility and the growth of crops and livestock. He is believed to provide abundance and prosperity to those who worship and honor him.

As a symbol of strength and courage, Verethragna is deeply respected and revered by the ancient Persians. His presence in myths and religious texts highlights the importance of bravery, perseverance, and triumph in Persian culture.


Vayu is a significant deity in Persian mythology and represents the god of wind and air. He is often depicted as a powerful figure with wings, symbolizing his ability to traverse the skies and control the movement of air.

As the god of wind, Vayu is believed to have a vital role in the balance of nature. His presence brings refreshing breezes, promotes the dispersal of seeds, and facilitates the circulation of air. Vayu is also associated with mental clarity and inspiration, as the breath of air is seen as a source of life and vitality.

In Persian culture, the wind is often seen as a symbol of change and transformation. Vayu’s presence can herald new beginnings, whether it be in nature or in one’s personal life. He is also associated with the concept of freedom, as the wind blows wherever it pleases, unrestricted by boundaries or obstacles.

Vayu’s importance is further highlighted in Zoroastrianism, where he is considered one of the Amesha Spentas, or holy immortals. Alongside other deities, Vayu plays a significant role in upholding the cosmic order and maintaining harmony in the universe.

Overall, Vayu represents the power and influence of the wind in Persian mythology, embodying the dynamic nature of air and its connection to life, inspiration, and freedom.

Vohu Manah

Vohu Manah is one of the most important gods in Persian mythology, representing good thoughts and the power of choice. The name “Vohu Manah” translates to “Good Mind,” emphasizing the importance of positive thinking and virtuous actions in one’s life.

In Persian mythology, Vohu Manah is associated with cattle, symbolizing abundance and prosperity. He is often depicted as a young man with a radiant aura, holding a shepherd’s crook and surrounded by livestock.

Vohu Manah is viewed as a mediator between humans and the other deities, helping to maintain balance and harmony in the world. He encourages individuals to make choices that align with moral principles and contribute to the overall well-being of society.

Worshipers of Vohu Manah seek his guidance in making wise decisions and cultivating a positive mindset. They believe that by following his teachings, they can achieve spiritual growth and lead a fulfilling life.

Overall, Vohu Manah represents the power of the mind and the importance of choosing thoughts and actions that promote goodness and righteousness.


Mithras was an ancient Persian god who was later adopted by the Romans and became one of the most popular cult deities in the Roman Empire. He was often depicted as a young man wearing a Phrygian cap and a cloak, holding a dagger and a torch.

Mithras was associated with the sun and was considered a god of light and truth. His worshippers believed that he represented the eternal struggle between good and evil, and that he played a role in the salvation of the world.

One of the most important aspects of the cult of Mithras was its secretive nature. The rituals and beliefs of the cult were known only to its members, who were initiated into the cult through a series of ceremonies and trials.

The symbolism associated with Mithras was rich and complex. Some of the key symbols associated with him include the bull, which represents fertility and the sacrifice of the bull by Mithras, which symbolizes the victory of good over evil.

The cult of Mithras declined with the rise of Christianity in the Roman Empire, and much of its knowledge and rituals have been lost to history. However, Mithras remains an intriguing figure in ancient Persian mythology and serves as a reminder of the diverse religious beliefs and practices of the ancient world.


Artagnes, also known as Ardavan, is a Persian god associated with bravery, courage, and protection. He is often depicted as a warrior, armed with a sword and shield, ready to defend his followers against enemies and evil forces.

Artagnes is believed to bring strength and valor to those who invoke his name. Many warriors and soldiers would seek his guidance and protection before going into battle, hoping to gain his favor and assistance in their endeavors.

In Persian mythology, Artagnes is considered one of the principal defenders of truth and justice. He is seen as a symbol of righteousness and is revered for his unwavering dedication to upholding moral values.

Devotees of Artagnes would offer prayers and sacrifices to honor him, seeking his blessings and protection. They would also perform rituals and ceremonies in his name to show their respect and gratitude.

Today, Artagnes continues to be celebrated in Persian culture as a symbol of bravery and honor. His name and mythology are often referenced in works of literature, art, and poetry, showcasing his enduring significance in Persian mythology and society.


In conclusion, the Persian gods and their names hold significant symbolism and meanings in their ancient culture. Each god represents different aspects of life, such as wisdom, courage, fertility, and victory. Understanding these gods and their roles can provide insight into the beliefs and values of the Persian people.

While the worship of these gods may no longer be prevalent in modern times, their stories and characteristics continue to inspire and intrigue. Exploring the myths and legends surrounding the Persian gods can offer a deeper appreciation for the rich history and cultural heritage of the region.

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