Valkyries: History And Symbolism

valkeryie norse mythology

Valkyries, the mythical female figures of Norse mythology, have long been a source of fascination and intrigue. These powerful beings were responsible for choosing which warriors would live or die in battle, and their role in the afterlife was equally important. From their origins in ancient Norse beliefs to their lasting legacy in popular culture, the Valkyries continue to captivate imaginations to this day.

In this article, we’ll explore the history, significance, and enduring appeal of these legendary figures.

What Were the Duties of a Valkyrie?

In Norse mythology, Valkyries had a variety of important duties that were crucial in preparing for the final battle of Ragnarok. Some of their key responsibilities included:

  • Choosing the Slain: Valkyries were tasked with selecting the bravest warriors who had fallen in battle and taking them to Valhalla, the great hall of the slain. There, the warriors would feast with Odin and prepare for the final battle of Ragnarok.
  • Preparing for Ragnarok: As warriors arrived in Valhalla, Valkyries would serve them food and drink, and help prepare them for the final battle. They would also practice combat skills with the warriors to help them hone their fighting abilities.
  • Battling: Valkyries were skilled warriors themselves and would sometimes join in battle alongside the warriors they had chosen. They would ride flying horses and wield weapons such as spears and swords.
  • Attending to Odin: Valkyries were considered Odin’s personal attendants and would serve him in various ways, such as bringing him drink or helping him prepare for battle.

Valkyries were fierce and powerful beings who played a critical role in Norse mythology. Their duties were essential in preparing for the final battle of Ragnarok, and their bravery and strength continue to inspire people today.

Famous Valkyries in Norse Mythology

There are many famous Valkyries in Norse mythology, each with their own unique stories and roles. Here are a few of the most well-known Valkyries:


Brynhildr was a Valkyrie who disobeyed Odin’s orders and was punished by being put into a deep sleep, surrounded by a wall of fire. She was eventually rescued by the hero Sigurd, and the two fell in love. However, their love was not meant to be, and Brynhildr met a tragic end.


Hrist was a Valkyrie who had the power of divination and was able to predict the outcome of battles. She was also said to be able to control the weather and was often associated with winter.


Gunnr was a Valkyrie who was known for her bravery in battle. She would ride her horse into battle and would choose the bravest warriors to fight alongside her. She was said to have an unbreakable shield that could withstand any attack.

These are just a few examples of the many Valkyries in Norse mythology. Each one played an important role in preparing for the final battle of Ragnarok and inspiring warriors to fight with bravery and strength.

Symbolism of Valkyries

The Valkyries symbolize bravery, strength, and the power of fate. They were seen as fierce warriors and powerful women who could control the outcome of battles. Their ability to choose who would live and who would die in battle also made them a symbol of death and the afterlife. In Norse mythology, warriors who died in battle were chosen by the Valkyries to join Odin in Valhalla, where they would feast and fight until the final battle of Ragnarok.

The Valkyries also represent the duality of life and death, as they were both bringers of death and guides to the afterlife. This duality is reflected in their representation in art and literature, where they are often depicted as both beautiful and fierce. The Valkyrie’s winged helmets and armor have become iconic symbols of their strength and power.

The symbolism of the Valkyries has continued to inspire modern culture, appearing in books, movies, and video games. They have become a popular symbol of female empowerment, representing strength and independence. Their association with death and the afterlife has also made them a popular symbol in gothic and dark fantasy genres. Overall, the Valkyries remain a powerful and enduring symbol of bravery and strength.

The Valkyrie’s Purpose

As mentioned earlier, the Valkyries were known as choosers of the slain. Their duty was to select the bravest and most skilled warriors from the battlefield and bring them to Valhalla, the great hall of Odin. This was not just a job for the Valkyries, it was an honor, as they were tasked with selecting warriors who would join Odin’s army during the final battle of Ragnarok.

Once the warriors arrived in Valhalla, the Valkyries continued to play an important role. They served as Odin’s personal bodyguards and messengers, and were also responsible for preparing the warriors for battle. According to Norse mythology, the warriors would spend their days feasting and training for the final battle, which they believed would be a glorious event.

In addition to their duties in Valhalla, the Valkyries were also known as protectors of warriors. They were said to watch over brave warriors on the battlefield, ensuring that they were not harmed before their time. This protection extended beyond death, as the Valkyries were also responsible for guiding the souls of fallen warriors to the afterlife. Their role as protectors made them highly respected and revered figures in Norse mythology.

Valkyries and Women

In Norse mythology, women played a significant role and were often portrayed as strong and independent figures. The Valkyries, in particular, were seen as empowering figures for women. They were fierce warriors who were respected by both mortals and gods alike, and their ability to choose warriors for Valhalla was a testament to their power.

Despite their importance, the Valkyries were not the only women in Norse mythology who were revered for their strength and courage. Shieldmaidens were another group of women who were known for their bravery in battle. These women fought alongside men and were said to be just as skilled as their male counterparts.

The Connection Between Valkyries and Mortal Women

While the Valkyries were seen as otherworldly figures, there was still a connection between them and mortal women. In some stories, Valkyries were said to take mortal women under their wing and train them in the art of war. These women would then go on to become skilled warriors, just like the Valkyries themselves.

Additionally, the Valkyries were often depicted as being the protectors of mortal women, just as they were the protectors of warriors. This connection between the Valkyries and mortal women further cemented the idea that women were just as capable as men, both in battle and in life.

The Influence of Valkyries

The Valkyries have had a significant impact on popular culture and modern society. They are often featured in movies, TV shows, and literature. One of the most popular depictions of Valkyries is in Marvel’s Thor films, where they are portrayed as powerful and fierce warriors who serve Odin. In Wagner’s opera cycle, “The Ring of the Nibelung,” the Valkyries are also prominent characters, and their music has become iconic.

The legacy of Valkyries can also be seen in modern society, where women are increasingly breaking down gender barriers and excelling in traditionally male-dominated fields. The idea that women are just as capable as men has been further reinforced by the depiction of Valkyries as strong and powerful warriors. The image of the Valkyrie has become a symbol of female empowerment, inspiring women to pursue their dreams and achieve their goals.


In conclusion, the Valkyries are powerful and inspiring figures in Norse mythology who have left a lasting impact on popular culture and modern society. Their role as fierce warriors and powerful women has helped break down gender barriers and inspire women to pursue their dreams and achieve greatness. The image of the Valkyrie will continue to serve as a symbol of female empowerment and strength for generations to come. Let us continue to celebrate the legacy of the Valkyries and honor their contributions to Norse mythology and beyond.

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